The first release by Off! is a 7" vinyl EP called 1st EP, which debuted on October 13, 2010. That EP, along with three more EPs, were later released as a four 7" vinyl box set entitled First Four EPs on December 14, 2010. The collection contains sixteen songs and features artwork by Raymond Pettibon.
Off is the latest album of Kurdish artist Ciwan Haco. It has been released in April 2006 in Europe. It features 13 songs, including the electro-pop Li hêviya te and several ballads. All songs are mainly sung in the Kurdish language, although a small part of the song "Li hêviya te" features brief French language vocals (though sung by a woman, and not by Ciwan Haco himself).
In mathematics, a linear order, total order, simple order, or (non-strict) ordering is a binary relation on some setX, which is transitive, antisymmetric, and total (this relation is denoted here by infix ≤). A set paired with a total order is called a totally ordered set, a linearly ordered set, a simply ordered set, or a chain.
If X is totally ordered under ≤, then the following statements hold for all a, b and c in X:
Antisymmetry eliminates uncertain cases when both a precedes b and b precedes a. A relation having the property of "totality" means that any pair of elements in the set of the relation are comparable under the relation. This also means that the set can be diagrammed as a line of elements, giving it the name linear.Totality also implies reflexivity, i.e., a ≤ a. Therefore, a total order is also a partial order. The partial order has a weaker form of the third condition. (It requires only reflexivity, not totality.) An extension of a given partial order to a total order is called a linear extension of that partial order.
A chain (ch) is a unit of length. It measures 66 feet, or 22 yards, or 100 links, or 4 rods (20.1168 m). There are 10 chains in a furlong, and 80 chains in one statute mile. An acre is the area of 10 square chains (that is, an area of one chain by one furlong). The chain has been used for several centuries in Britain and in some other countries influenced by British practice.
By extension, chainage (running distance) is the distance along a curved or straight survey line from a fixed commencing point, as given by an odometer.
The chain was commonly used with the mile to indicate land distances and in particular in surveying land for legal and commercial purposes. Starting in the 19th centary, the chain was used as a sub division with the mile to show distances between railway stations, tunnels and bridges. In medieval times, local measures were commonly used, and many units were adopted that gave manageable units; for example the distance from London to York could be quoted in inches, but the resulting huge number would be unmemorable. The locally used units were often inconsistent from place to place.
Chain was Edinburgh musician Paul Haig's third album and was released in May 1989 on Circa Records, a subsidiary of Virgin Records. Chain, which Haig financed himself, was recorded and completed in 1988, but it sat on the shelf after the normally accommodating Les Disques Du Crepuscule decided not to take up the option of releasing it. The album was co-produced by long-time Haig cohort, Alan Rankine, instrumentalist with celebrated Dundee band, The Associates. There was another Associates connection on the album - the track "Chained" was written by Haig's good friend, Billy Mackenzie. Haig returned the favour and gave Mackenzie the track "Reach The Top" for his album The Glamour Chase, which after many years in limbo was finally released in 2002.
One single, "Something Good", was taken from the album, but much to Circa's disappointment, neither the single nor the album sold in great numbers.
This system improves previous blockchain systems by moving functionality and storage off the blockchain while simultaneously allowing the blockchain to utilize off-chain data to update transaction records on the blockchain ...Confidential aspects of the transactions may be kept off ...
On-chain transaction volume represents any value transfer (transactions and remittances) on the blockchain network. By the way, the volume of transactions on general exchanges (CeFi) is off-chain, so it is not included in on-chain data. Currently, USDT’s off-chain trading volume per 24 hours is about 28.3 trillion yen.
... using (and trusting) decentralized, on-chain apps across use cases like lending, synthetic trading, and others ... The term itself is a collective for describing solutions designed to help scale blockchain applications by handling transactions off the main Ethereum chain (layer-1).
... that can leverage the unique capabilities of multiple blockchains ... This includes Celer, a platform that provides a second layer on top of the Ethereum mainnet that can process data off-chain before settling it on the Ethereum blockchain, keeping fees down to the absolute minimum.
, a platform that monitors data and automation across blockchains, bridging both on and off-chain apps and sending out user alerts once transactions are executed, now offers compatibility for smart triggers with the Polkadot RelayChain... on-chain, and even across Layer-2 chains.
A prime example is Polkadot, popularly termed as the ‘blockchain of blockchains’ and founded by Ethereum’s co-founder Gavin Wood... The aim is to blur the boundary between the off-chain data sources and the information within blockchains by integrating a decentralized oracle with Moonbeam parachain.
PARSIQ, a platform that monitors data and automation across blockchains, bridging both on- and off-chain apps and sending out user alerts once transactions are executed, now offers compatibility for smart triggers with the Polkadot RelayChain... and even across layer-2 chains.
One of the most promising new entrants to the enterprise blockchain market, Concordium, offers a hybrid on- and off-chain digital identity solution that would make it seamless for enterprises to transact with any party ... their documentation and uploads a ZKP to the blockchain.
DeFi is a subcategory of the cryptocurrency space that integrates the blockchain into traditional financial services ...Chainlink has established itself as the leading oracle protocol over the past few months, with DeFi projects and blockchain developers integrating its technology for securely receiving critical off-chain information in real-time.
The listing includes eight direct trading pairs as part of the expansion of KleverSwap’s list of available markets for instant swap from ETH, TRX, and BSC blockchains. BridgeOracle is a public oracle system on TRON and Binance SmartChain (BSC); developed to provide access to off-chain resources within blockchain protocols.
Crypto analyst and influencer Tyler Swope says he believes a new hot subsector is on the verge of taking over the crypto markets ... “First DeFi coins had the hype. Then it was NFT cryptos ... “DeFi and DAOs go hand in hand ... A rollup reduces fees and congestion on the Ethereum blockchain by aggregating transactions off-chain ... Disclaimer ... ....
... from Ethereum to Binance SmartChain (BSC), the blockchain platform from crypto exchange company, Binance ... Umbrella’s solution is geared toward the DeFi ecosystem, connecting blockchain applications to data from the off-chain world in a uniquely secure and efficient way.
CryptoNinjas » Tatum’s off-chain emulator service now supports Binance SmartChain (BSC) ... Through providing a layer of abstraction, it allows developers to test solutions before going live and to perform ledger-to-ledger transactions off-chain to avoid expensive fees and crawling blockchain transaction times.
uniswap, a decentralized exchange for trading ethereum-based tokens via an automated order book; chainlink, a decentralized oracles network for bringing off-chain data onto the blockchain; and aave, a decentralized lending platform ... NFTs are unique digital assets secured on a blockchain supported by ethereum.
However, the emergence of decentralized “oracle networks” allows blockchains to interact with off-chain information ... With the rising popularity of some of these chains, we are also seeing an increasing number of projects become blockchain-agnostic.