The first release by Off! is a 7" vinyl EP called 1st EP, which debuted on October 13, 2010. That EP, along with three more EPs, were later released as a four 7" vinyl box set entitled First Four EPs on December 14, 2010. The collection contains sixteen songs and features artwork by Raymond Pettibon.
Off is the latest album of Kurdish artist Ciwan Haco. It has been released in April 2006 in Europe. It features 13 songs, including the electro-pop Li hêviya te and several ballads. All songs are mainly sung in the Kurdish language, although a small part of the song "Li hêviya te" features brief French language vocals (though sung by a woman, and not by Ciwan Haco himself).
In mathematics, a linear order, total order, simple order, or (non-strict) ordering is a binary relation on some setX, which is transitive, antisymmetric, and total (this relation is denoted here by infix ≤). A set paired with a total order is called a totally ordered set, a linearly ordered set, a simply ordered set, or a chain.
If X is totally ordered under ≤, then the following statements hold for all a, b and c in X:
Antisymmetry eliminates uncertain cases when both a precedes b and b precedes a. A relation having the property of "totality" means that any pair of elements in the set of the relation are comparable under the relation. This also means that the set can be diagrammed as a line of elements, giving it the name linear.Totality also implies reflexivity, i.e., a ≤ a. Therefore, a total order is also a partial order. The partial order has a weaker form of the third condition. (It requires only reflexivity, not totality.) An extension of a given partial order to a total order is called a linear extension of that partial order.
A chain (ch) is a unit of length. It measures 66 feet, or 22 yards, or 100 links, or 4 rods (20.1168 m). There are 10 chains in a furlong, and 80 chains in one statute mile. An acre is the area of 10 square chains (that is, an area of one chain by one furlong). The chain has been used for several centuries in Britain and in some other countries influenced by British practice.
By extension, chainage (running distance) is the distance along a curved or straight survey line from a fixed commencing point, as given by an odometer.
The chain was commonly used with the mile to indicate land distances and in particular in surveying land for legal and commercial purposes. Starting in the 19th centary, the chain was used as a sub division with the mile to show distances between railway stations, tunnels and bridges. In medieval times, local measures were commonly used, and many units were adopted that gave manageable units; for example the distance from London to York could be quoted in inches, but the resulting huge number would be unmemorable. The locally used units were often inconsistent from place to place.
Chain was Edinburgh musician Paul Haig's third album and was released in May 1989 on Circa Records, a subsidiary of Virgin Records. Chain, which Haig financed himself, was recorded and completed in 1988, but it sat on the shelf after the normally accommodating Les Disques Du Crepuscule decided not to take up the option of releasing it. The album was co-produced by long-time Haig cohort, Alan Rankine, instrumentalist with celebrated Dundee band, The Associates. There was another Associates connection on the album - the track "Chained" was written by Haig's good friend, Billy Mackenzie. Haig returned the favour and gave Mackenzie the track "Reach The Top" for his album The Glamour Chase, which after many years in limbo was finally released in 2002.
One single, "Something Good", was taken from the album, but much to Circa's disappointment, neither the single nor the album sold in great numbers.
CCIP is designed for continuous updates, including the integration of new blockchains (even non-EVM chains), advanced functionalities, and additional security layers ... It offers financial institutions, startups, and developers worldwide access to real-world data, off-chain computation, and secure cross-chain interoperability across any blockchain.
(MENAFN - EIN Presswire) GEORGE TOWN, GRAND CAYMAN, GRAND CAYMAN, December 1, 2023 /EINPresswire / -- Layer 2 networks, commonly known as "off-chain" solutions, are revolutionizing the blockchain ... .
For example, if the NFT is a certificate for an art piece, the art itself is typically stored off-chain, either on IPFS (a distributed file system) or a third party data storage provider.Blockchain As A Medium, The On-Chain NFT ... generally off-chain and may not even be known to us.
Blockchains were fundamentally useless if people couldn't directly submit all of their transactions on-chain and have them cost effectively confirmed ...It's essentially the exact same problem of low value payments happening directly on-chain, except in the optimistic case things just work because people cooperate off-chain.
Unlike their off-chain counterparts, which often store their crucial data and media content externally, on-chain NFTs house all their metadata and assets within the blockchain itself ... blockchain, while still depending on some off-chain elements, such as external code libraries.
These rollups aim to streamline blockchain functionality by reducing the block space needed for transactions and moving more operations off-chain ... What sets zero-knowledge rollups apart is their ability to verify off-chain transaction execution without revealing the transaction data on the mainnet.
Pyth Network is a leading player in the blockchain industry. It provides oracle solutions that bring off-chain data to the on-chain environment ... Pyth Network was initially launched on Solana, a blockchain that has superior speeds and lower transaction costs ... According to its website, it secures about 66% of the total value stored in BNBChain.
Chainlink is a decentralized network of oracles interlinking blockchain technology with off-chain data ...Besides providing oracles for off-chain and on-chain connections, Chainlink offers a world-class developer experience that enables cross-chain communication, which is vital in ...
Off-Chain Solutions. Off-chain solutions involve taking certain transactions off the main blockchain, which reduces congestion ... Whether it’s through Layer 2 solutions, sharding, or off-chain methods, the goal is to create a seamless, efficient, and user-friendly blockchain experience for all.
Layer-2 solutions aim to relieve congestion on the primary blockchain by executing transactions off-chain or through sidechains ... Layer-2 solutions would enable more transactions to be processed off the main chain, reducing congestion and improving overall scalability ... Cardano could grow significantly in the blockchain world as these plans take shape.
ParaX isn’t just another blockchain project. It’s a user-centric ecosystem designed to bridge the gap between blockchain’s complexity and everyday users ...Off-chain provable compute layer – Our off-chain compute layer streamlines cross-domain interactions, making Web 3.0 domains easily accessible.
... blockchain experiences to thousands of users ... This architecture reduces on-chain storage requirements by pushing computation off-chain, while restricting the blockchain’s state growth via issuance of CKB minimizes node hardware requirements, ensuring network decentralization.
UmbrellaNetwork has one distinguishing characteristic that involves making intricate calculations off the chain before recording data on the chain ... He pointed out that Umbrella’s On-ChainData Feeds would help developers develop more complex DeFi protocols and many other ...
The most elegant way to solve the limited storage and computing of the blockchain is by moving some of the data and computational work off-chain ... A well-known solution to the blockchain storage problem is off-chain decentralized storage networks ... stored in the off-chain platform.
At the core of Arkham’s mission is the drive to deanonymize blockchain transactions, empowering users to visualize and understand on-chain activities comprehensively ...Ultra gathers data from both on-chain and off-chain sources, synthesizing them into a single, scalable, and amendable source of truth.