The first release by Off! is a 7" vinyl EP called 1st EP, which debuted on October 13, 2010. That EP, along with three more EPs, were later released as a four 7" vinyl box set entitled First Four EPs on December 14, 2010. The collection contains sixteen songs and features artwork by Raymond Pettibon.
Off is the latest album of Kurdish artist Ciwan Haco. It has been released in April 2006 in Europe. It features 13 songs, including the electro-pop Li hêviya te and several ballads. All songs are mainly sung in the Kurdish language, although a small part of the song "Li hêviya te" features brief French language vocals (though sung by a woman, and not by Ciwan Haco himself).
In mathematics, a linear order, total order, simple order, or (non-strict) ordering is a binary relation on some setX, which is transitive, antisymmetric, and total (this relation is denoted here by infix ≤). A set paired with a total order is called a totally ordered set, a linearly ordered set, a simply ordered set, or a chain.
If X is totally ordered under ≤, then the following statements hold for all a, b and c in X:
Antisymmetry eliminates uncertain cases when both a precedes b and b precedes a. A relation having the property of "totality" means that any pair of elements in the set of the relation are comparable under the relation. This also means that the set can be diagrammed as a line of elements, giving it the name linear.Totality also implies reflexivity, i.e., a ≤ a. Therefore, a total order is also a partial order. The partial order has a weaker form of the third condition. (It requires only reflexivity, not totality.) An extension of a given partial order to a total order is called a linear extension of that partial order.
A chain (ch) is a unit of length. It measures 66 feet, or 22 yards, or 100 links, or 4 rods (20.1168 m). There are 10 chains in a furlong, and 80 chains in one statute mile. An acre is the area of 10 square chains (that is, an area of one chain by one furlong). The chain has been used for several centuries in Britain and in some other countries influenced by British practice.
By extension, chainage (running distance) is the distance along a curved or straight survey line from a fixed commencing point, as given by an odometer.
The chain was commonly used with the mile to indicate land distances and in particular in surveying land for legal and commercial purposes. Starting in the 19th centary, the chain was used as a sub division with the mile to show distances between railway stations, tunnels and bridges. In medieval times, local measures were commonly used, and many units were adopted that gave manageable units; for example the distance from London to York could be quoted in inches, but the resulting huge number would be unmemorable. The locally used units were often inconsistent from place to place.
Chain was Edinburgh musician Paul Haig's third album and was released in May 1989 on Circa Records, a subsidiary of Virgin Records. Chain, which Haig financed himself, was recorded and completed in 1988, but it sat on the shelf after the normally accommodating Les Disques Du Crepuscule decided not to take up the option of releasing it. The album was co-produced by long-time Haig cohort, Alan Rankine, instrumentalist with celebrated Dundee band, The Associates. There was another Associates connection on the album - the track "Chained" was written by Haig's good friend, Billy Mackenzie. Haig returned the favour and gave Mackenzie the track "Reach The Top" for his album The Glamour Chase, which after many years in limbo was finally released in 2002.
One single, "Something Good", was taken from the album, but much to Circa's disappointment, neither the single nor the album sold in great numbers.
Cross-chain solutions Develop...Off-chain computation. Conduct resource-intensive AI computations off-chain or on specialized sidechains ... The adoption of energy-efficient consensus mechanisms and off-chain computation will make the integration of AI with blockchain more sustainable.
New Legislation TargetsOff-Chain Transfers in CryptoIndustry... Beyer’s press release underscored that the advent of crypto trading platforms, coupled with an aspiration to expedite transaction times and diminish costs, leads to thousands of transactions transpiring “off-chain” daily, absent from the public eye on the blockchain.
Financial payments behemoth PayPal is venturing deeper into the blockchain realm with a keen eye on Layer 2 solutions and non-fungible tokens (NFTs) ... The first patents explore innovative methods and systems to facilitate off-chain transactions within NFT marketplaces.
Oracles serve as bridges between the worlds of on-chain and off-chain, enabling blockchains to tap into real-world information ... While oracles significantly enhance the functionality of blockchain networks by enabling the execution of tasks guided by real-world inputs, exploits due to oracle manipulations cannot be overlooked.
Off-Chain Governance. In off-chain governance, decisions are made outside of the blockchain through forums, developer meetings, and other mechanisms ... In off-chain governance models, the process of decision-making occurs externally to the blockchain itself, often facilitated through various community engagement platforms.
The innovative legislation’s core aim is to fortify the protection of cryptocurrency investors, not only in cases of disputes, manipulation, or fraud arising from off-chain transactions but also from transactions occurring beyond the confines of the blockchain network itself.
This revolutionary system is engineered to facilitate NFT transactions, both on-chain and off-chain, heralding a new era of digital asset exchange ...Off-chain transactions are seamlessly managed within an “omnibus wallet” linked to the service provider, housing both the buyer’s and seller’s wallets.
While developers of L1 blockchains focus on improving the base protocol, L2 programmers have moved transactions off-chain to enable faster and cheaper transactions ...Layer two or L2 solutions take advantage of the security of an existing layer one blockchain while enabling faster and cheaper transactions off-chain.
Achieving interoperability between different blockchains and off-chain resources is a complex challenge ...Layer 2 solutions are off-chain or sidechain protocols designed to enhance the scalability of DApps ... These solutions allow DApps to process transactions off-chain while ensuring the security of the main blockchain.
The LightningNetwork is a second-layer, off-chain scaling solution built on top of the Bitcoin blockchain ... By conducting transactions off-chain, the Lightning Network relieves the majority of the burden on the main blockchain, allowing for faster and cheaper transactions.
As the leading decentralized oracle network, Chainlink empowers developers to build feature-rich Web3 applications with seamless access to real-world data and off-chain computation across any blockchain and provides global enterprises with a universal gateway to all blockchains.
Coin98 Labs is an open-framework financial solution creator that is deeply involved in building an ecosystem containing DeFi protocols, applications, and NFTs on various cross-chains ...Chainlink helps builders create Web3 applications by providing connectivity to real-time data and off-chain computation through all blockchains.
Basically, it comes down to the fact that all of the others either work off-chain or are address (account) based. According to Casey, the off-chain fungible token protocols require you to reconcile the off-chain data with the blockchain, creating an awkward user experience.
As the leading decentralized oracle network, Chainlink empowers developers to build feature-rich Web3 applications with seamless access to real-world data, off-chain computation, and cross-chain interoperability across any blockchain, providing global enterprises with a universal gateway to all blockchains.